Research


researchRegions Hospital EMS is a local and regional leader in EMS research thanks to voluntary participation by our EMS agencies and with the support of the Regions Hospital Critical Care Research Center. Each potential opportunity is reviewed by the medical direction staff in collaboration with agency leaders and providers to ensure the project is the right fit for your team. Regions Hospital EMS focuses research efforts on applied projects in the areas of cardiac arrest resuscitation, airway management, and advanced patient monitoring. Not only do patients benefit from these new treatment strategies, these applied research projects allow agencies to test and often keep new and innovative equipment at little or no cost. Our team is also dedicated to sharing the results of these trials locally (city and/or county elected officials) and in regional, state, and national forums.

We welcome research ideas from our providers and can work with our infrastructure to develop projects and explore funding opportunities.


Research Bibliography

Peer Reviewed

Frascone RJ, Russi C, Lick C, Conterato M, Wewerka SS, Griffith KR, Myers L, Conners J,Salzman JG. Comparison of prehospital insertion success rates and time to insertion between standard endotracheal intubation and a supraglottic airway.  Resuscitation. 2011 Jul 18. [epub ahead of print].

Aufderheide TP, Frascone RJ, Wayne MA, Mahoney BD, Swor RA, Domeier RM, Olinger ML, Holcomb RG, Tupper DE, Yannopoulos D, Lurie KG. Standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation versus active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation with augmentation of negative intrathoracic pressure for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a randomised trial. Lancet, 2011 Jan 22;377(9762):301-11.

Hick JL, Frascone RJ, Grimm K, Hillman M, Griffith J, Hogan M, Trotsky-Sirr R, Braun J. Health and Medical Preparedness and Response to the 2008 Republican National Convention.Disaster Medicine & Public Health Preparedness. 2009;3(4):224-32.

Frascone RJ, Wewerka SS, Griffith KR, Salzman JG. Use of the King LTS-D during medication assisted airway management. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2009;13(4): 541-545.

Frascone RJ, Jensen JP, Wewerka SS, Salzman JG. Use of the Pediatric EZ-IO Needle by EMS Providers. Pediatric Emerg Care. 2009 May; 25(5):329-332.

Salzman JG, Wewerka SS, Griffith KR, Frascone RJ. Provider use of the King LTS-D as a primary airway in RSI patients. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2009 Jan-Mar;13(1):126.

Frascone RJ, Heegaard W, Pippert G, Dries D, Molinari P, Salzman J. Use of the Intubating Laryngeal Airway in HEMS. Air Med J. July-Aug 2008; 27(4):182-4.

Salzman JG, Dillingham J, Kobersteen J, Kaye K, Page D. The effect of paramedic student internship experience on performance on the National Registry Written Exam.  Prehosp Emerg Care. 2008 Apr-June; 11(2):212-216.

Salzman JG, Page D, Kaye K, Stetham N. Paramedic student adherence to the National Standard Curriculum recommendations. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2007 Oct-Dec;11(4):448-452.

Salzman JG, Frascone RJ, Godding BK, Provo TA, Gertner E.  Implementing Emergency Research Requiring Waiver of Informed Consent, Community Consultation, and Public Disclosure: Guidance Based on Experience.  Ann Emerg Med. Oct 2007, 50(4):448-455.

Frascone RJ, Jensen JP, Kaye K, Salzman JG. Field Trial of Two Intraosseous Devices. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2007 Apr-Jun;11(2):164-171.

Heegaard, W., Fringer, Ryan C., Frascone, R.J., Pippert, G., Miner, J. Bispectral Index Monitoring in helicopter emergency medical services patients. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2009 April-June 13(2):193-202.

Aufderheide T, Frascone RJ, Pirrallo R.  Resuscitation in 2005: New Ways to Optimize Manual CPR. Emerg Med Serv.  2005 Sept:42-45.

Frascone R, Bitz D, Lurie K.  Combination of active compression decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the inspiratory impedance threshold device: state of the art.  Curr Opin Crit Care.  2004 June; 10(3):193-201.

Provo TA, Frascone RJ. 12-Lead Electrocardiograms During Basic Life Support Care.  Prehosp Emerg Care.  2004 Apr-June;8(2):212-6.

Heegaard W, Plummer D, Dries D, Frascone RJ, Pippert G, Steel D, Clinton J. Ultrasound for the Air Medical Clinician. Air Med J. 2004 Mar-Apr;23(2):20-3.

Kaye K, Frascone RJ, Held T.  Prehospital Rapid Sequence Intubation: A Pilot Training Program. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2003 Apr-Jun;7(2):235-40.

Plummer D, Heegaard W, Dries D, Reardon R, Pippert G, Frascone RJ. Ultrasound in HEMS: Its Role in Differentiating Shock States. Air Med J. 2003 Mar-Apr;22(2):33-6.

Frascone RJ, Dries D, Kaye K.  ACD + ITV CPR: where are we now. Scand J
Trauma Emerg Med.
2003;11:17-21.

Frascone RJ, Kaye K, Dries D, Solem L. A Successful Placement of a Sternal Intraosseous Line through Burned Skin, J Burn Care Rehabil. 2003;24(5):306-8.

Frascone RJ, Dries D, Gisch T, Kaye K, Jensen J. Obtaining Vascular Access: Is There a Place for the Sternal IO? Air Med J. 2001 Nov-Dec; 20(6):20-2.

Dries D, Frascone RJ, Molinari P, Heegaard W, Pippert G, Reardon R. Does the ILMA Make Sense in HEMS? Air Med J. 2001 Sept-Oct; 20(5):35-7.

Frascone RJ, Gisch TM. Implementation of a subregional trauma system.  Minn Med. June 1999;82(6):49-52.

Lurie KG, Schultz JJ, Callaham ML, Schwab TM, Gisch T, Rector T, Frascone RJ, Long LA.  Evaluation of Active Compression‑Decompression CPR in Victims of Out‑Of‑Hospital Cardiac Arrest.JAMA. 1994 May;18(271):1405‑1411.

 

Non-Peer Reviewed

Frascone, RJ, Salzman J, Griffith K, Dunbar D. How Donut Magnets can Suspend Inappropriate ICD Shocks. Journal of Emergency Medical Services, July 2008, 33(7).

Kelmenson C, Salzman J, Griffith K, Kaye K, Frascone RJ. Focus on RSI: Does Training in the OR create an optimal RSI program? J Emerg Med Serv. 2008 March;33(3):110-112.

Holton D, Jacobson S, Frascone, RJ.  Minnesota Department Highlighted for Its Role in Exciting new CPR Study.  Minnesota Fire Chief, November/December 2005

Gisch TM, Schultz JJ, Frascone RJ, Long LA, Lurie KG; Selecting the Best Endpoint For a Cardiac Arrest Survival/Comparison Study: Lessons from the St. Paul, MN Prehospital Study.  Journal of Emergency Medical Services. February 1994.

 

Oral and Poster Presented Abstracts

Salzman JG, Wewerka SS, Frascone RJ. Frequency of Organ and Tissue Donation in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients.  Poster presented at the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine, June 1-4, 2011, Boston, MA.  Published in Acad Emerg Med. 2011 May;18(5):S111.

Erwin A, Salzman JG, Wewerka SS, Burnett AM, Frascone RJ. Can Paramedics Accurately Diagnose Sepsis and Severe Sepsis in the Field? Poster presented at the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine, June 1-4, 2011, Boston, MA.  Published in Acad Emerg Med. 2011 May;18(5):S23.

Nelson JG, Woster C, Burnett AM, Salzman JG, Wewerka SS, Frascone RJ. Direct Comparison of Video Laryngoscopes in Simulated Difficult Intubations [Abstract]. Poster presented at the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine, June 1-4, 2011, Boston, MA.  Published in Acad Emerg Med. 2011 May;18(5):S34-35.

Chung WG, Salzman JG, Wewerka SS, Koenekamp D, Frascone RJ. Inadequate Baseline and 6-month Retention of the Emergency Severity Index by Experienced Emergency Department Registered Nurses [Abstract]. Poster presented at the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine, June 1-4, 2011, Boston, MA.  Abstract published in Acad Emerg Med. 2011 May;18(5):S52.

Frascone RJ, Aufderheide TP, Wayne MA, Mahoney BD, Swor RA, Domeier RM, Olinger ML, Holcomb RG, Tupper DE, Yannopoulos D, Lurie KG.  Treatment of Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with an impedance threshold device and active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation improves survival with good neurologic function [Abstract]. Oral presentation at the 2011 National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Meeting, Coral Gables, FL, January 13-16, 2011.  Published inPrehosp Emerg Care. 2011 Jan; 15(1):106.

Lick C, Frascone RJ, Aufderheide TP, Niskanen RA, Steinkamp JE, Davis SP, Nygaard SD, Benenderfer KK, Gonzales L, Kalla JA, Wald SK, Gillquist DL, White LJ, Syre MR, Osaka-Holm SY, Oakes DA, Provo TA, Racht EM, Olsen JD, Lurie KG. Take Heart America: A comprehensive, community-wide, systems-based approach to the treatment of cardiac arrest [Abstract]. Poster presentation at the 2011 National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Meeting, Coral Gables, FL, January 13-16, 2011. Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2011 Jan; 15(1):111.

Chung WG, Salzman JG, Wewerka SS, Koenekamp D, Frascone RJ. Training emergency medical services providers in the use of the emergency severity index: a pilot study [Abstract]. Poster presentation at the 2011 National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Meeting, Coral Gables, FL, January 13-16, 2011.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2011 Jan; 15(1):112-113.

Frascone RJ, Wewerka SS, Griffith KR, Salzman JG. Use of the King LTS-D as a primary airway over rapid-sequence intubation medications: a prospective, consecutive case series [Abstract]. Poster presentation at the 2011 National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Meeting, Coral Gables, FL, January 13-16, 2011.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2011 Jan; 15(1):124.

Nelson JG, Wewerka SS, Salzman JG, Burnett AM, Woster CM, Griffith KG, Johnston M, Frascone RJ. Evaluation of four different video laryngoscopes in a simulated difficult airway scenario: the EMESIS trial [Abstract]. Poster presentation at the 2011 National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Meeting, Coral Gables, FL, January 13-16, 2011.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2011 Jan; 15(1):133.

Salzman JG, Wewerka SS, Frascone RJ, Koenekamp D, Chung WG. Use of Competency Cases to Assess Provider Knowledge of the Emergency Severity Index (Version 4): An Item Analysis [Abstract]. Poster presentation at the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine, June 3, 2010, Phoenix, AZ.  Published in Acad Emerg Med. 2010 May;17(4):S33.

Frascone RJ, Russi C, Lick C, Conterato M, Wewerka SS, Griffith KR, Myers L, Conners J,Salzman JS. The Advanced Airway Research Trial: A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized Trial Comparing Standard Endotracheal Intubation and the King LTS-D Supraglottic Airway. Oral presentation at the National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Conference, January 6-10, 2010, Phoenix, AZ. Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2010 Jan-March;14(S1):1.

Frascone RJ, Conners J, Myers L, Salzman JGGriffith KR, Conterato M, Lick C, Russi C, Wewerka S. The Advanced Airway Research Trial: A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized Trial Comparing Standard Endotracheal Intubation and the King LTS-D Supraglottic Airway Under RSI Conditions. Poster presented at the National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Conference, January 6-10, 2010, Phoenix, AZ. Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2010 Jan-March;14(S1):10.

Salzman JS, Wewerka SS, Lick C, Conterato M, Conners J, Myers L, Frascone RJ, Russi C. Effect of Time from Initial Training to Field Placement of the King LTS-D: The Advanced Airway Research Trial. Poster presented at the National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Conference, January 6-10, 2010, Phoenix, AZ. Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2010 Jan-March;14(S1):8.

Russi C, Frascone RJ, Lick C, Conterato M, Wewerka SS, Griffith KR, Myers L, Conners J,Salzman JS. Is Time to Insertion Different between Standard Endotracheal Intubation and the King LTS-D Supraglottic Airway? Poster presented at the National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Conference, January 6-10, 2010, Phoenix, AZ.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2010 Jan-March;14(S1):40.

Wewerka SS, Griffith KR, Salzman JS. Comparison of Provider Time to Ventilation in Advanced Airway Procedures: A Laboratory Simulation Trial. Poster presented at the National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Conference, January 6-10, 2010, Phoenix, AZ. Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2010 Jan-March;14(S1):9.

Salzman JS, Richter S. Pediatric Field Endotracheal Intubation Success Rates: Comparison of Paramedic Students and Their Working Paramedic Preceptors. Poster presented at the National Association of EMS Physicians Annual Conference, January 6-10, 2010, Phoenix, AZ. Published inPrehosp Emerg Care. 2010 Jan-March;14(S1):47.

Rodriguez LJ, Kaptur C, Benner R, Richter S, Khalsa S, Ashford S, O’Neil E, Salzman JG. The Effect of Paramedic Student Clinical Experiences on the Online Summative Paramedic Exam (OSPE). Poster presented at the National Association of EMS Educators Conference, September 2009, St. Louis, MO.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2009 July-Sept; 13(3).

Pippert G, Wewerka SS, Frascone RJ, Heegaard W, Salzman JG. Neonatal patient sound exposure during critical care transport. Poster presented at the 2008 Air Medical Transport Conference, October 21, 2008, Minneapolis, MN.  Published in Air Med J. 2008 Sept-Oct;27(5):234-235.

Young A, Lawler R, Krohn S, Wewerka SS, Salzman JG. Effect of geographic location on paramedic student pediatric patient encounters. Oral presentation at the 2008 American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Emergency Medicine National Conference and Exhibition, October 10th, 2008, Boston, MA. Published in Pediatric Emerg Care. 2008 Oct;24(10):727. 

Frascone RJ, Jensen JP, Wewerka SS, Salzman JG. EMS Provider Use of the Pediatric EZ-IO Needle in Pediatric Patients: A Pilot Study. Poster presented at the 2008 National Association of Emergency Medical Services Physicians Annual Conference, January 10-12, 2008, Phoenix, AZ.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2008 Jan-March;12(1):138.

Salzman JG, Krohn S. Validation of a predictive model for paramedic student performance on the National Registry exam. Poster presented at the 2007 National Association of Emergency Medical Services Educators Annual Symposium, September 6-8, Hollywood, CA. Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2007 Oct-Dec;11(4):492-493.

Salzman JG, Page DI, Krohn S, Johnson M. Frequency of endotracheal intubation and laryngeal mask airway use by paramedic students from 2001 to 2006. Poster presented at the 2007 National Association of Emergency Medical Services Educators Annual Symposium, September 6-8, Hollywood, CA.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2007 Oct-Dec;11(4):492.

Doggett SM, Rach P, Nowicki M, Borrett D, Salzman JG.  The effect of student demographics on field internship team leads. Prehosp Emerg Care.  Poster presented at the 2007 National Association of Emergency Medical Services Educators Annual Symposium, September 6-8, Hollywood, CA.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2007 Oct-Dec;11(4):491-492.

Salzman JG, Aufderheide T, Swor R, Wayne M, Mahoney B, Stahl K, Medado P, Lapsansky J, Vasquez G, Frascone RJ.  Community consultation and public disclosure: the ResQ Trial experience.  Poster presented at the 2007 National Association of Emergency Medical Services Physicians Annual Conference, January 8-11, Naples, FL.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2007 Jan-Mar;11(1):118.

Frascone RJ, Heegaard W, Pippert G, Dries D, Molinari P, Salzman JG.  The use of the intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA) in helicopter EMS: a case series.  Poster presented at the 2006 Air Medical Transport Fall Conference of the Association of Air Medical Services, September 25-27, Phoenix, AZ.  Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2006 Oct-Dec;10(4):524-525.

Frascone RJ, Jensen J, Salzman JG, Heegaard W, Pippert G.  The use of the EZ-IO® intraosseous device in the helicopter: a case series.  Poster presented at the 2006 Air Medical Transport Fall Conference of the Association of Air Medical Services, September 25-27, Phoenix, AZ.  Published inAir Med J. 2006 Sept-Oct;25(5):214.

Salzman, JG, Dillingham J, Kobersteen J, Kaye K, Page D. The effect of paramedic student internship experience on performance on the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians exam.  Oral abstract presentation at the 2006 National Association of Emergency Medical Service Educators Annual Conference, September 6-11, Pittsburgh, PA. Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2006 Oct-Dec;10(4).

Frascone RJ, Jensen JP, Salzman JG, Kaye K. EZ-IO: A Field Trial. Poster presentation at the 2006 National Association of Emergency Medical Services Physicians Annual Meeting, January 19-21, Tucson, AZ. Published in Prehosp Emerg Care. 2006 Jan-Feb;10(1):138.